9202 Preliminary Study on the Genetic Effect of Pyramiding Major QTLs for Cotton Fiber Quality Through Marker-Assisted Selection

Thursday, January 8, 2009: 3:45 PM
Conf. Rooms 1-4 (Marriott Rivercenter Hotel)
Zhanghui Dong, Yuzhen Shi, Jianhong Zhang, Shufang Wang, Junwen Li, Aiying Liu, Shurong Tang, Ping Chu, Tao Wang, Fuding Sun, Junting Meng and Youlu Yuan, Cotton Research Institute,CAAS, Anyang, China
¡¡¡¡With the development of molecular biology and molecular marker technology more and more QTLs for cotton fiber quality had been identificatied, which provide an opportunity for molecular marker-assisted breeding in cotton fiber quality. Owing to small effect for single QTL to fiber quality, it is necessary to pyramid a few QTLs of fiber quality to improve cotton fiber quality. Two commercial cotton cultivars (lines), TG41 and sGK156, and three elite fiber quality germplasm lines, HS427-10¡¢7235 and 0-153 were used as parents to develop three double-cross F1 populations£¨sGK156¡ÁHS427-10£©¡Á(0-153¡Á7235),£¨TG41¡ÁHS427-10£©¡Á(0-153¡Á7235) and £¨sGK156¡Á0-153£©¡Á(sGK156¡ÁHS427-10), in which the effect and stability of the major QTLs for fiber strength, fiber length and micronaire were studied by SSR markers and the effect of different QTLs¡¯ pyramiding for fiber quality was identified. The effect and stability of nine QTLs, in which four are relevant with fiber strength, three are relevant with fiber length and two are relevant with micronaire, were identified in the three populations¡¯ F1 and F2 through single marker-assisted selection with eight markers. As a result, all the markers showed significant effect in the double-cross F1 population. The effect of two different QTLs¡¯ pyramiding for fiber strength were studied in the three populations¡¯ F1 generation, including 78 pairs of compared datas with two QTLs and one QTL, in which 69 pairs £¨88.5%£©showed the plants with two QTLs had stronger fiber than those with one QTL, and 25 pairs (32.1%) showed the plants with two QTLs had significantly stronger fiber. This indicated the QTL effects could be added for fiber strength. The plants with two QTLs showed more significantly additive effect than one QTL in 6 combinations for fiber strength in Pop2 and two combinations for fiber length. The prominent effects show epistatic effect in the two combinations. With those markers¡¯ combinations, the fiber qualities could be improved significantly. The pyramiding effect for 3 and 4 QTLs were studied with QTLs with significant effects for fiber strength in combination of two QTLs. It indicated the fiber strength was improved significantly with more QTLs for fiber strength, and the fiber strength reached the highest when four QTLs were pyramided in the plants. In conclusion, with pyramiding more QTLs in the plant, the fiber qualities could be improved more significantly. The three double-cross populations we developed have very complicated genetic playground, and most of QTLs exist in heterozygous genotype. But the significant effects were identified for single QTL and combination of QTLs in the populations, this indicated the genetic effect could be identified in the early populations for breeding selection with heterozygous genotype for most of plants. ¡¡¡¡ Key word£ºCotton£¬Molecular marker-assisted selection£¬Fiber quality£¬QTLs£¬Pyramiding breeding